Sao Paulo’s most famous street is AvenidaPaulista. It’s hard to imagine that back in 1782 the now famous street didn’t exist and the area was simply part of a forest called Caaguacu, meaning ‘big forest in Tupi, by the local native Indians. Eventually the area was turned into farmland and a road, the Real Grandeza, was built through a local farm by the name of FazendaCapao – although these days we’d think of it as more of a track than an actual road.AA few years later Uruguayan engineer JoaquimEugênio Borges and his two business partners bought vast amounts of land in the area and started to urbanize it, creating large residential parcels. On December 8, 1891, the first paved road was opened, although at that time Sao Paulo’s population was less than 100,000 inhabitants.
A year after the first paved road opened, Villon Park was created following development in the area. Many years later Villon Park underwent further development and its name was changed to Siqueira Campos and then again to Trianon, which is the name it keeps today. The park is a welcome breath of fresh air in the city and it contains many trees from the Mata Atlantica forest and also contains many native species of wildlife. There are several sculptures spread over the park.
In 1903 the Pasteur Institute, named after Louis Pasteur, was founded by a group of Sao Paulo entrepreneurs. The institute was built to research the rabies virus and since its inception has been located in the same building.Sao Paulo’s first private hospital, Santa Catarina Asylum, was built nearby in 1906 and today it is one of the largest medical complexes in the world.
Throughout the 1950’s many of the older houses were replaced with newer commercial buildings. Due to its excellent location and infrastructure Avenida Sao Paulo attracted many investors and construction boomed. Today the avenue is home to many multinational companies, as well as large investment banks and hotels, making it Latin America’s largest business center.
In additional to its economic might, there are numerous cultural destinations nearby. Masp (Museum of Modern Art Assis Chateaubriand), opened in 1968 and houses Latin America’s most significant collection of Western art. In 1953 the Casa das Rosas (House of the Roses) art gallery was designed by Ramos de Azevedo according. Today the art gallery is under national trust due to its historic value. With so many important cultural points as well as cinemas, theaters, cafes and culturalcenters, a day or afternoon on Avenida Sao Paulo provides many options. restaurants and snack bars and have the opportunity to see wonderful buildings and works.
The late 80’s saw the creation of Paulista Viva, meaning Live Paulista, with the purpose of maintaining the culture and heritage of Avenida Sao Paulo, and to improve the quality of live of those who live and work on the Avenue.